Secretary General of the United Nations (UN) Antonio Guterres recently called on citizens of the world to make individual and collective efforts to stop plastic pollution in the ocean. If there is no serious preventive effort, he predicts, in the not too distant future plastic waste will defeat the number of all fish and disrupt fish life in the ocean. In his message on World Ocean Day, July 8, 2019 then said that every year, about 80% more pollutants, waste, and other dangerous substances in the ocean caused by human activities on land. Waste plastic not only suffocates waterways, but also endangers people who depend on the fisheries and marine tourism sectors. Plastic waste and other dangerous objects have killed turtles, birds, fish, whales and dolphins in the sea.
It’s not just how it looks, oceans make our blue planet unique in the solar system, oceans help regulate global climate and become the main source of water. All elements on earth need water, it maintains all life on earth, from coral reefs to mountains, tropical forests, to deserts in areas with low water intensity. Well, one of the direct impacts of waste and hazardous substances such as oil spills is the mass death of marine biota life, including the fish life which is one of the commodities of society and the country, besides that marine pollution cannot be avoided. As reported by Sciencing, it is said that if a fish consumes a little oil, it can survive. However, the fish can continue the impact to other animals, causing death.
Impacts Human Life
In addition to the direct impact on the fish life with all marine ecosystems, waste and hazardous substances also attack and pollute coastal areas and influence human activities. The waste can have a long-term devastating impact on the economy and local communities. The waste can have a long-term devastating impact on the economy and local communities. One of the economic activities is tourism and housing. As reported by Waterencyclopedia, property values for housing tend to decrease as well as regional business activities. Not only that, but it also influences future investments.
United Nations Resolution for Marine Ecosystems
In early December 2017, the United Nations Environment Agency (UN) in Nairobi, Kenya, declared a resolution on waste and microplastics in the ocean. In essence, countries agree to prevent and reduce marine pollution significantly in 2025. The country prioritizes policies that avoid plastic waste, hazardous waste, and microplastics entering the marine environment.
As a follow-up, an international working group was formed to review these treatment options that are legally binding. The move was widely welcomed because the crisis of plastic waste and waste in the ocean became a new enemy whose impact was increasingly apparent. The main objective of this international working group is to find ways to eliminate marine waste in the long run. With a collective policy, involving many parties, will have a significant impact on ocean life, including the fish life, microorganisms, and humans.